During World War II, these functions had belonged to the Chief Engineer. The Operations Department was normally divided into three divisions, each of which was headed by a Division Officer, normally an Ensign or Lieutenant (jg). Compared to earlier classes built for the United States Navy, the Fletchers carried a significant increase in lethal firepower, including anti-aircraft (AA) weapons and increased armor plating; this contributed to greater displacement and overall weight and height increase. The Conning Officer could be the CO, XO, or OOD. The ship had to approach very carefully directly into the current and hold itself in position during this process. Normally he was a non-watchstander and he was usually provided with at least one full time assistant. Communications would be established with all vital stations, steering gear, alarms, whistle and engine order telegraph tested, radar, sonar, and fathometer in operation, and compasses checked. Signalman (SM) These people stood watch on the signal bridge. between the turbine and the shaft it appeared that there was a temperature gauge built into every section. Aboard a destroyer, the Chief Hospital Corpsman (HMC, referred to as Doc) is the only medical person assigned, although there was a Squadron Doctor who rode the flagship and was available for advice. Nineteen Fletchers were lost during World War II. The Fletcher class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II. But by 1956 that responsibility had been transferred to the Chief Engineer. He was responsible for reading and interpreting all operation orders (OP-Orders) and determining what the ship was supposed to do next. I made 2 deployments, home ported out of Pearl Harbor. Mrz 25, 2022; Posted by are meatless crumbles vegan? The days of surface to surface torpedo attacks had pretty well gone away, although we still retained that capability. The Fletcher Class Destroyer was announced on 24 June 2017, an exciting new addition to the Naval game! The BT rating was considered to have the hottest and dirtiest jobs in the navy. There were 6 depth charges for each K-gun. Would like if at all possible to get pictures of C.I.C on my ship USS Conway DDE 507.I was on the Conway from 1954 to 1956, I served on the USS Hopwell DD681 in 61-62 ..  Compared to earlier classes built for the Navy, they carried a significant increase in anti-aircraft weapons and other weaponry, which caused displacements to rise. town of marcellus ny tax collector; did fletcher class destroyers serve in the atlantic? Boiler Technician (BT) This was a fancy name for what was called a Water Tender in the old coal fired Navy. The Fletcher class destroyers had a wartime complement of 329 personnel. At this point, the word would be passed Secure the Special Sea and Anchor Detail, Set the Regular Underway Watch. The engine room and fire room supervisors would man their stations. Main gun armament was five dual-purpose 5-inch/38 caliber (127mm) guns in single Mk 30 turrets, guided by a Mark 37 Gun Fire Control System, including a Mk 12 fire control radar and a Mk 22 height-finder (replaced by the circular Mk 25 radar postwar) linked by a Mark 1A Fire Control Computer and stabilized by a Mk 6 8500 rpm gyroscope. The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction w. Fletchers had a design speed of 38 knots, armed with five 5" guns in single mounts and carrying 10 21" torpedo in twin quintuple centerline mounts. But with these exceptions, the basic procedures for getting a destroyer underway have not changed a great deal from what I have described. Eighteen ships were redesignated as escort destroyers (DDE), optimized for anti-submarine warfare; these reverted to destroyer (DD) designation in 1962. Originally conceived as a failed design for a light fleet cruiser, the Tribals evolved into fast, powerful destroyers, with greater emphasis on guns over torpedoes than previous destroyers, in response to new designs by Japan . He was also normally assigned as the custodian of classified publications and the crypto facility.  As with other previous U.S. flush deck destroyer designs, seagoing performance suffered. A new ahead-throwing weapon called Weapon Alpha was installed in many of the ships. Gunnery Officer Or Gun Boss was responsible for operation and maintenance of all of the ships armament plus all matters relating to deck seamanship. An explanation of Material Conditions is in order. Does anyone have information I can get from on of his mates during that time. The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types of the Porter and Somers classes. About 12 of the enlisted men were Chief Petty Officers. The working part of the torch consisted of a rag wrapped around the end of the handle and secured by wire. Many of the ships were sold to other navies during the mid-1950s, including: Any remaining were broken up in the 1970s. Supply Department ratings included: Supply Department, USS Halsey Powell, from 1959-1960 Cruise Book. Not a member of the Naval Institute? In June 1942, the 1.1" gun was replaced by a twin Bofors 40 mm gun mount; in some ships, another twin mount may have been added on the fantail between the depth charge racks. If you have questions, please contact the Naval Institute via email at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 800-233-8764. I served as a 2nd Class Torpedoman aboard the Fletcher-class destroyer USS Morrison DD560 from its christening on Dec.18, 1943, until we were sunk by a Japanese kamikaze on May 4,1945. Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned / Recommissioned Decommissioned Fate Fletcher DD-445 Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company, Kearny, New Jersey: 2 October 1941 3 May 1942 30 June 1942 15 January 1947 Sold for scrap, 22 February 1972: 3 October 1949: 1 October 1969 Radford DD-446 175 Fletcher Class Destroyers were commissioned from June 1942 to February 1945. Regardless of rank, the Commanding Officer was always referred to as Captain. He bears total responsibility for the ship and had commensurate authority over everyone on board. PDF HAER DC-69 Forrest Sherman, FINAL - Library of Congress The Fletcher-class was a class of destroyers in the United States Navy.The ships were built from 1941 and served in the Navy from 1942. The Fletcher class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II.The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types of the Porter and Somers classes. Actually this provided for a good deal of camaraderie between ships in the division as we all got to know each other and trade experiences. Went to a Target store (Plantation, FL) to pick up some stuff, and outside I saw an older gentleman with a USS Kidd T-shirt. Anti-aircraft armament initially was light, with a quadruple 1.1"/75 caliber gun located in an elevated tub between the number three and four 5-inch gun mounts and six Oerlikon 20 mm cannons (two in front of and below the bridge and four amidships). This would be followed by Now Set Material Condition Yoke Throughout the Ship followed by The Officer of the Deck is Shifting his Watch from the Quarterdeck to the Bridge. During his 30 year naval career he held two ship commands and served a total of 8 years on naval material inspection boards, during which he conducted trials and inspections aboard over 200 naval vessels.  They could cover the vast distances required by fleet actions in the Pacific. There were 175 of them built during World War II. Destroyers, dubbed "tin cans" because of their lack of armor . I was one of the 97 survivors of 357 aboard ship. The Fletcher class destroyer came about in 1939 when the US Navy sought to create a superior new design addressing poor aspects found in previous destroyers. Many memories aboard it. After a year on board they were advanced to the grade of Seaman (SN), from which they could strike for assignment to other ratings. Next. stevens funeral home pulaski, va obituaries. *** One of the biggest regrets of my life is not volunteering to be part of the crew that cleaned up decades of layered on paint, to get her ready for public display. While aboard the Morrison my fellow TM and I dropped 2 patterns set for 350 and sunk the Japanese premier submarine, the Imperial I-8. Boilers had to be lit approximately 2 hours before the scheduled underway time and about an hour would be required in each engine room to prepare the engines for operation. Admiral's flag is flying from the yardarm. NHF members are being converted to members of the Naval Institute. Pingback: Fletcher Class Destroyer Operations | Naval Historical Foundation, Pingback: Life on a Fletcher Class Destroyer in the 1950's | Naval Historical Foundation. It was still a great ship .. Miss it .. The peacetime manning was 14 officers and 236 enlisted men. A Pacific Fleet destroyer operated on a two year cycle in those days. , Fletchers were also much less top-heavy than previous classes, allowing them to take on additional equipment and weapons without major redesign. He was a radioman on the ship for about a year, and transferred to another ship before the USS Kidd was hit by a kamikaze.the sailor I was talking to lost a few friends in that attack. Any help would be appreciated. They were also to carry no less than five 5in (127mm) guns and ten deck-mounted torpedo tubes on the centerline, allowing them to meet any foreign design on equal terms. Hoel was the first to go after suffering 44 direct hits from shells ranging from 5 inch to 14 inch. The other ships in the division would then come alongside and tie up using regular mooring lines. Some that we were called upon to perform included: There are probably some others that I have forgotten about. Fletcher (DDE-445) is recommissioned as an escort destroyer at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, 03 October 1949. Machinery Repairman (MR) were in charge of the Machine Shop. Boatswains Mates (BM) This was generally considered to be the senior enlisted rating in the navy, a tradition probably handed down from the days of sail. He died back in 1986. This practice no longer exists today. It was a slow day, and a lot of the safety procedures were not formally set up yet, so me and another engineer friend were able to tour the forward engine room. Later emphasis on anti-aircraft defense led to a redesigned or square bridge for improved all-around sightlines, beginning with Brownson (DD 518). Again, the terms is and was are used interchangeably in this article. Many of the ships were sold to other navies during the mid-1950s, including: Any remaining were broken up in the 1970s. The Commanding Officer (CO) of a destroyer under peacetime conditions is normally a Commander with 15 to 18 years of commissioned service. The iconic silhouette of a Fletcher is well known to any students of World War II naval history. Naval Institute is maintaining and preserving the former Naval Historical Foundation website so readers and former NHF members can still access past issues of Pull Together and other content. Named after a swashbuckling Union Civil War captain, the Porter was one of 175 Fletcher-class destroyers built during World War II. She was a rough riding ship with a crew of dedicated men. Edit. Three are in the United States and one is in Greece, although only Kidd retains her World War II configuration. There were 3 K-guns on each side. The Executive Officer (XO) is the second in command on the ship. The design parameters were in the form of the armaments desired of the next destroyer. This discussion is centered on the ships organization as I remember it between 1956 and 1959. Second Division was headed by the Assistant Gunnery Officer. However the Supply Officer served as the permanent mess caterer, a place where he frequently took a lot of heat. My own ship, the USS Halsey Powell (DD 686) had been struck by a Kamikaze while escorting the carrier USS Hancock (CV 19) off Okinawa in 1945. . The Fletcher class (named for Admiral Frank F. Fletcher) was the largest class of destroyer ordered and was also one . He promulgates the plan of the day and oversees virtually every evolution. Aboard destroyers, these were all Lieutenants billets. The RD ratings stood watch in the Combat Information Center (CIC). Not a member of the Naval Institute? , The first design inputs were in the fall of 1939 from questionnaires distributed around design bureaus and the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. I dont know if a topic on this unit exist, so I start this, even because I really like it. If memory serves me, I think we moved from station 2 to 1 right behind Luce. The Aulick served in the Pacific from 1943 through the end of the war and was also on radar picket off Okinawa May through July, 1945. She was a fine destroyer and served in WWII as a real war ship. During World War II, the Atlantic Coast destroyers would probably be at battle stations with Material Condition Zebra set by the time that they cleared the submarine net. Here in Charlestown, this navy yard built . The Supply Officer also had department head status. I hope youre still here. The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types of the Porter and Somers classes. Next we will describe the process for getting underway from alongside another ship or a pier. The Navy started my lifes work e.g. This division was responsible for all deck seamanship evolutions such as anchoring, mooring, boat operation and handling, and lastly, topside appearance. Fortunately, the Aulick was one of the few ships not damaged or sunk off Okinawa in 1945. We also made fueling stops at Guam and Midway. All rights reserved. Radioman (RM) Responsible for all electronic means of exterior communications. USS The Sullivans (DD-537) The USS Sullivans was a long-range, large destroyer used for anti-submarine warfare, anti-aircraft warfare, and surface action. The CO, XO, Officer of the Deck (OOD), Junior Officer of the Deck (JOOD) and appropriate enlisted personnel would proceed to the bridge. I am the USS EATON DD/DDE510 REUNION ASSOC. There were some differences in the way that the ships were organized in 1956 and the way that they were organized during the war. The answer to your question (if you havent already received it) is 12 depth charges in each of the two racks. Thanks for shedding additional light on my fathers service and that of his comrades-in-arms. The ratings that came under the Communications officer were: OI Division Headed by the CIC Officer, assisted by the Electronics Material Officer (EMO). I loved the country so much that I did not want to leave. Beginning in the fall of 1939, the large white-hulled cutters were assigned the outer limits of the Neutrality Zone. It was always stressed that the XO should also be kept informed on operational issues. She was my first, and my favorite ship. Both books have a table of . It is set when a ship is in the harbor. Velos is the only vessel still in commission. Fifty-one were further modified beginning in 1945, replacing the forward torpedo tubes and midships 40mm twin Bofors with quad mounts for a total of 14 barrels, and the seven 20mm singles with six 20mm twins. The plant has to be started up from the Central Control Station below decks, but once it is ready for operation throttle control can be transferred to the bridge. Petroleum/Chemical plant operations dept.. A good profession.  The answer that came back was that five 5in (127mm) dual-purpose guns, twelve torpedoes, and twenty-eight depth charges would be ideal, while a return to the 1,500-ton designs of the past was seen as undesirable. The growth in the design was in part answer to the question that always dogged U.S. Navy designs, that being the long range required by operations in the Pacific Ocean. But on destroyers and smaller vessels the Executive Officer often doubles as the navigator. During routine steaming operations, CIC was responsible for radar navigation and tracking of routine surface contacts and making appropriate recommendations to the Officer of the Deck. Ross's book also acknowledges Raven's book as a source. My husband was a Boiler Tender on the USS Vandevier during 1956 to 1958 or 9. Composite by Coffee or Die Magazine. That number was necessary to allow around the clock manning of gun mounts, repair parties, and other watch stations. My uncle was also a TM2 aboard the USS Terry. More about this later. They did not appear until the 1970s. While some changes had taken place since 1945, most of the procedures were carryovers from World War II. You are here: customer is always right in matters of taste; toronto snow storm april 1975; did fletcher class destroyers serve in the atlantic?benji and joel madden young. Ratings assigned to the division included: Second Division, USS Halsey Powell, from 1959-1960 Cruise Book. . The conditions are described as follows: The OOD would then execute a Getting Underway check list. While 19 were lost and six damaged beyond repair, 44 earned ten or more service stars, 19 were awarded the Navy Unit Commendation and 16 received the Presidential Unit Citation. This was to have a great impact upon my own career in the navy. They did not stand regular watches but they were the people you called when something failed to operate properly. Though built with the Pacific in mind, Fletchers also served in the Atlantic theater. It was fascinating to see the gear reduction transmission (?) Destroyer Squadron 51 in World War II was a squadron whose 2,100-ton Fletcher-class destroyers were deployed in thirteen diverse operations in both the Atlantic and Pacific. or Ensign in the Supply Corps. At 2,050 tons standard displacement and approximately 2,900 tons fully loaded, the Fletchers were significantly larger than any preceding American destroyer classes. Regardless of who it was, it was very important for him to announce I have the Conn so that all bridge personnel would know who to take their orders from. In those days, the Navy had been heavily influenced by carrier task group operations during the war and the experiences with the Kamikazes during the Battle of Okinawa. The Fletcher-class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II. . Some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War, named for . What impressed me was the clean layout, and the open space. Destroyers, dubbed "tin cans" because of their lack of armor . I despised this duty until our 1958 deployment to the Far East when I was the decryptor of a message telling us that the 6 month deployment was over and ordering us to return home to San Diego. But at least one other type ship also played a powerful role for the U.S. Navy in World War II. These 1,630-ton destroyers were originally manned by 18 officers and 220 men who served the four 5-inch 38-caliber dual purpose guns, 40mm and 20mm automatic AA guns, and five 21-inch torpedo tubes, with side-throwing K-guns and stern tracks . Posted on . Thanks for sticking your neck out for us youngsters. I had a great time with the locals in Vancouver and also remember the near collision. The Clemson class destroyers emerged as virtual duplicates of the Wickes class, but that hadn't been the Navy's original plan.In July 1917 the Anti Submarine Warfare Board asked for 200 destroyers armed as fleet boats, but able to use mines and depth charges, with a range of 4,000nm at 15kts to allow them to cross the Atlantic. Described as perfect fighting destroyers, Fletchers, as built, were powerfully armed (five (5) 5-inch guns and ten (10) 21-inch torpedo tubes), fast (36 knots), amenable to wartime modifications, and extremely resilient in battle. I was a teletype/crypto operator on the USS FORRESTAL (CVA-59) in the early 1970s. Forester's novel The Good Shepherd, in her appearance in the book's 2020 cinematic adaptation, Greyhound. Most had been commissioned by the end of 1946 and went on to serve well into the 1960's. USS Sarsfield (DD-837) Gearing Class destroyer in 1945. Your email address will not be published. Stewards (SD) Ran the Wardroom Mess and provided valet service for the officers. The job of Mess Treasurer rotated among the junior officers. While some changes had taken place since 1945, most of the procedures were carryovers from . On deck it was necessary to disconnect all shore services, pick up the ships boats, remove rat guards, and a variety of other actions, including preparing an anchor for dropping in an emergency. There was a big hole in one of the ships. He was a trained surgeon graduating from Wake Forest and Duke Medical Schools. Much of this philosophy was a carry over from the days of sailing ships. We were forward deployed to Yokosuka, Japan as part of DESRON 15. Required fields are marked *. I introduced myself, and asked him when he had been on the ship. Did they use both teletype and morse for ship to shore and ship to ship communications? The Steering Gear room (After Steering) would be manned. Previously the USS Anthony (DD-515), Ringold (DD-500), Waldsworth (DD-515), Claxton (DD-571), Dyson (DD-572), and Charles Ausburne (DD-570). That number was necessary to allow around the clock manning of gun mounts, repair parties, and other watch stations. With the outbreak of the Korean War many were returned to active duty. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); Naval Historical Foundation 1306 Dahlgren Avenue, SE Washington Navy Yard, DC 20374 1-202-678-4333 email@example.com. Abbot was a Fletcher-class destroyer built in 1943. References: Bauer and Roberts, Friedman, Raven, Hearn. A lot more information is available on the bridge from GPS, Electronic Chart Displays (ECDIS), etc. my great uncle served aboard the Halligan DD584 lost at sea 3-26-45. any info on crew duty stations or any information on the ship or her crew would be appreciated. I also served aboard USS CORAL SEA (CVA43) for 2 years before joining the submarine force, which I spent 26 years in. In later years with the advent of missiles, the title of this billet became Weapons Officer. The Gunnery Department aboard Halsey Powell included three divisions, i.e. The Fletcher-class destroyer was the first generation of destroyers to be designed after the series of Naval Treaties that had limited ship designs heretofore. Once clear of the harbor, the navigator would announce that we were entering International Waters, where different Rules of the Road apply. Introduced in 1942, the 2,100-ton Fletcher -class destroyers formed the core of the US Navy's destroyer force from 1943. Shipfitter (SF) and Damage Controlmen (DC) comprised the Damage Control gang on the ship. All fittings with a black Y are closed and only opened for protection. But they still have a ways to go to catch up to their Merchant Marine contemporaries. When he answered 1943 I had to change gears in a hurry! The ships Hospital Corpsman (HM) also normally reported directly to the Executive Officer. This was mitigated by deployment to the Pacific Ocean, which is relatively calm compared to the Atlantic.. The Chief Engineer bears responsibility for operation of the ships engineering plant, electrical generation and distribution, auxiliary machinery, and interior communications. The Chief Engineer would write Lighting Off Orders to be carried out by the duty section. Fittings marked with a Red Z, Black Y, and Black Z are all closed. During World War II, the commanding officer was frequently a Lieutenant Commander with far less experience. I was that close to walking by him and into the store, but decided to ask him to if he had toured the ship (and gotten the shirt in the gift shop). These 175 flush-deck "2,100 . The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types of the Porter and Somers classes. Eventually, eleven shipyards launched 175 ships over the next 32 monthsthe most numerous class of destroyer completed by any navy. They were responsible for visual communications between ships by flashing light, flaghoist, or semaphore. Answer (1 of 4): Few destroyer classes of WW2 were able to reload their torpedoes whilst at sea, below I have listed several that can. Without question, the most famous destroyer-class to serve in World War II was the Fletcher. NHF members are being converted to members of the Naval Institute. Some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War.. A major reason for these differences was the greater reliance on radar that developed during the war and the establishment of the Combat Information Center (CIC). Obviously they were the people who were most likely to take heat from the other crew members for their efforts, or lack thereof. (My papers had been submitted but not received for 1st Class TM before we were sunk.) X-RAY provides the least protection. The only ports we got to visit during my deployments were Yokosuka and Sasebo in Japan, Hong Kong, Kaoshung Taiwan, and Subic Bay in the Philippines. The first ship to moor had to place a boat in the water which carried the mooring party. Your email address will not be published. He has passed on and I need information for a claim with the VA. I spent 22 years in the Navy. Destroyers were normally tied up to a pier with six mooring lines, numbered consecutively from forward to aft. All USN ships are worthy of their tails of history while securing the waters they sail and for protecting all of freedoms we so take for granted every day. YOKE is an intermediate level of protection that is set when the ship is under normal underway cruise conditions. Was on DD650 for 4 years right out of boot camp I am now ret USN MSC you in 76 there is not a day that goes by that I dont think of the best year s of my life I am now 77and I wish I could do it all again when the good Lord takes me I hope he will put me on the USS C APERTON DD650, Pingback: The George Stewart I Knew | Naval Historical Foundation. The 1941 building program was to have consisted entirely of new Fletcher-class destroyers. The class was designed in 1939, as a result of dissatisfaction with the earlier destroyer leader types. The last Fletcher in service, BAM Cuitlahuac (ex-John Rodgers), left the Mexican navy in 2001, meaning the total service life of the Fletchers stretched over almost six decades and into the 21st century.. Great series of articles!. Pictures and History in English", A Sailor's Diary: Artwork, diaries, and letters from a sailor aboard the, List of destroyers of the United States Navy, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, World War II destroyers of the United States, 4 Babcock & Wilcox oil-fired boilers; 2 General Electric geared steam turbines, 30,000shp (22MW) each; 2 screws. Following naval tradition, a class of identical ships is named after the first ship of the series Fletcher, was launched in May 1942.Fletcher-class destroyers became one of the most successful weapon systems deployed in World War II, with 175 built and a few still in service around the world well after 1990. The Fletcher class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II. The First Lieutenant probably came under fire more than any other officer because everything his people did was readily observable and most COs and XOs were very concerned with topside appearance, sometimes overly so. I served on the USS Luce DD522 in ww2 as a seaman 1rst signalman striker. The Sullivans played a large role in World War II and the . On the return trip we had to avoid the collision between the Oil Tanker and a Philippine Merchant ship . , Learn how and when to remove this template message, Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Fletcher-class_destroyers&oldid=1117203315, Sold to Peru as parts donor, 26 July 1974 scrapped, Transferred to West German Navy, 14 July 1959, Transferred to Peru 26 July 1974 for spare parts, Transferred to West Germany, 17 January 1958, Transferred to West Germany, 6 October 1959, Used as target hulk November 1973, scrapped. Thank you for writing here. While in restricted waters, naval vessels have a navigation detail set and the ships position was regularly determined by taking visual bearings on objects ashore, supplemented by radar ranges and fathometer readings. Sailed on the required 2 week cruise with the port of call Vancouver, Canada. This article describes destroyer operations as I remember them during the late 1950s. The goal was to have two boilers on line, one in each fire room, and have both engines ready for operation with the plant split (2 independent plant configuration) prior to setting what is referred to as the Special Sea Detail. This is the third in a series of articles by Captain Stewart detailing the technical specifications, manning, and operations of the U.S. Navys Fletcher class destroyers. He does not normally stand watch underway. This class of British destroyer often had more AA firepower than many larger DD did. These conditions refer to degrees of closure to minimize the effects of potential damage. Email firstname.lastname@example.org A new ahead-throwing weapon called Weapon Alpha was installed in many of the ships. His name is George Meyn. He was always on call when the ship was underway. Manage all your favorite fandoms in one place!  The first design inputs were in the fall of 1939 from questionnaires distributed around design bureaus and the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. They were fortunate in catching American production at the right moment, becoming "the" destroyer design, with only the Fletcher-class derivatives, the Allen M. Sumner and Gearing classes, following it. They followed exactly the same path but they were only assigned to the Engineering Department. while Ross's book is about just one ship that served from 1942 to 1965. He was directly accountable for all expenditures of government funds. Hopefully, it will provide some insight as to the duties performed by individual crew members during the war. This addition to the AA suite required the deletion of the forward quintuple torpedo mount, a change was under the 4 April 1945 anti-kamikaze program.. The Fletcher class including The Sullivans are regarded as the backbone of the navy and know to be the best destroyer in the world. 35 knots: Engines: Geared-turbines : Power: 60000 : Notes on class: This was the second class of destroyers, after Benson / Gleaves, built during the war. Your email address will not be published. The Chief Engineer would be in the Forward Engine Room and the Main Propulsion Assistant would be in the After Engine Room. Destroyers have been called upon to perform a wide variety of duties. There was always a stop at Pearl Harbor on the way to and from the deployment for INCOP and OUTCHOP (Change of Operational Command) briefings at CINCPACFLEET. Below this level, the ship was organized into departments. Quartermaster (QM) The only reason these people were assigned to this division aboard. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War. Required fields are marked *. The *Fletcher class* was a class of destroyersbuilt by the United States during World War II. , In 2018, Kidd was used as the filming location for the fictional USS Keeling DD-548 (codenamed Greyhound), from C.S. My first 11 years in the Navy were spent in Japan. 175 ships . I know what than meant -some snipe had to record temperature readings on a clipboard form every few hours, to make sure a bearing was not overheating. During this time 39 were refitted, reducing their overall main armament and the number of torpedo tubes. They were versatile and highly standardized, to the point as producing only four wartime classes of 50+ up to 180 ships, the Bensons, Fletcher, Sumner and Gearing, completed by the numerous "peacetime classes" from 1934 to 1940 and the WW1-era famous "four . I was a Reservist out of the old Reserve Center (airplane hanger) in Long Beach. In 1942 and 1943, the number of Oerlikon cannons was steadily increased with ships modified before leaving the shipyard with a seventh 20mm mount in front of the bridge behind the number two 5" gun mount and anywhere from one to three mounts on the flying bridge depending upon the configuration of the ship. Laid down beginning in 1941, all 175 Fletchers were completed between June 1942 and February 1945, launched an average of 212 days after keel laying and commissioned after an average of 152 days more or 364 days totalnearly 10 per cent faster than the repeat Bensons and Gleaves that preceded them. The first 25 ships were ordered 28 June and 1 July 1940 (the first day of the 1941 fiscal year), with DD 445 actually belonging to the 1 July group. Their flush deck construction added structural strength; however, it did make them cramped, as less crew space was available below decks compared with a raised forecastle.  Postwar, the remainder were decommissioned and put into reserve. The Aulick served in the Pacific from 1943 through the end of the war and was also on radar picket off Okinawa May through July, 1945. found: Wikipedia, May 10 2010: under Fletcher class destroyer (the Fletcher class were a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II; some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War; the United States Navy commissioned 175 Fletcher class destroyers between 1942 and 1944; they were built by shipyards across the United States and many were sold to the . During this era, no other class of destroyer had more ships built. The Federal-built units were delivered to the Navy without a medium anti-aircraft gun atop the aft deckhouse position. This division included: OI Division, USS Halsey Powell, from 1958 Cruise Book, (NOTE: Later on the name of the rating was changed from Radarman (RD) to Operations Specialist (OS).). The billet was normally assigned to a Lieutenant with four or five years of sea duty. Up until the 1960s, most naval home ports did not provide much in the line of pier space and in San Diego, we usually moored to a mooring buoy in the harbor. The Fletcher class destroyers had a wartime complement of 329 personnel. First Division provided the majority of the bridge watch standers and the gun crews. In Greece, the former Charrette, renamed Velos (Arrow), is a popular attraction. Fox Division This division was headed by either the Fire Control Officer or Anti-Submarine Officer, whoever was senior. We usually had 2 or 3 Chief Machinists Mates (MMC) assigned. Displacement: 2600 tons.  The answer that came back was five 5in (127mm) dual purpose guns, twelve torpedoes, and twenty eight depth charges would be ideal, while the idea of returning to the 1500 ton designs of the past was seen as undesirable. As soon as the last line was taken in, the boatswains pipe would sound and the announcement would be made Underway, Shift Colors. Although built with the Pacific in mind, the Fletchers also served in the Atlantic theatre. Transportation was by a combination of ships boats and private water taxis. The ship was the first of the Fletcher-class destroyers that were built during World War II. It was an honor to serve on Fletchers as the brave sailors of WWII. Aboard Halsey Powell, the Chief Boatswains Mate also functioned as the Chief Master at Arms. ZEBRA is the highest level of protection. Acting as a member of a screen as part of a carrier task group against air, surface, and subsurface attack. Authorized for fiscal year 1941, construction of the first ships was already under way when the United States entered the war. Nineteen Fletchers were lost during World War II. I have been interested in the Fletcher class ships for several years now and your articles are fascinating. The ship was named to honor Admiral Frank Friday Fletcher, who received the Medal of Honor for his leadership during the Mexican-American War. In the United States, The Sullivans at Buffalo, Kidd (beautifully restored to late-World War II configuration) at Baton Rouge, and Cassin Young, berthed across the pier from the frigate USS Constitution at the Boston Navy Yard, Charlestown, Massachusetts, are open to the public. The crew was extremely tight. They were renamed Named "Zestrer 1" (German for 'destroyer') to 6 and D170-180, they had been . raddish kids recipes; . Others carried trainable Hedgehogs. He is assisted by personnel of the Quartermaster (QM) rating. On Nov. 13, 1942, the USS Juneau light cruiser was torpedoed and sunk by a Japanese submarine. The XO is often the resident bad guy in the wardroom because many COs like to play the Good Cop/Bad Cop game. A fleet destroyer will normally have all three major department head billets filled by a Lieutenant Commander or fairly senior Lieutenant. Transferred to Argentina, 14 August 1961. Since 1975 all new destroyer, cruiser, and frigate types have been powered by aircraft derivative gas turbine engines. This addition to the AA suite required the deletion of the forward quintuple torpedo mount, a change done under the 4 April 1945 anti-kamikaze program. , Learn how and when to remove this template message, National Museum of the United States Navy, List of destroyer classes of the United States Navy, "Life on a Fletcher Class Destroyer in the 1950's", "NHL nomination for USS Cassin Young (destroyer)", "Veterans' Museum to Receive Historic Navy Ship's Mast", "Flag Honors Hall of Fame | Naval ROTC Alumni Society", "USS Knapp - bridge: Fujifilm X System / SLR Talk Forum: Digital Photography Review", "Fletcher-Klasse Mark-30 Turm Walkaround (124) Scalenews", "Tom Hanks' WWII drama filming aboard USS Kidd this week", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fletcher-class_destroyer&oldid=1133218886, 369.25ft (112.55m) wl, 376.5ft (114.8m) o/a, struck in 1978, sunk as a target on 23 February 1983, struck in 1988 and sunk as a target in 1990, struck in 1982, sunk as a target on 28 September 1991, struck in 1976, sunk as a target on 16 May 1979, transferred to Hellenic Navy on 18 September 1981, transferred to Hellenic Navy on 15 October 1980, transferred to Hellenic Navy in February 1981, transferred to Hellenic Navy in February 1982, Active - In commission as museum ship since 1991, struck on 10 October 1990, scrapped in 1997, struck in 1971 and cannibalized to provide spare parts for her sisters in Italian service, struck in 1999, sunk as a target on 1 November 2001, struck in 1999, sunk as a target on 14 October 2003, This page was last edited on 12 January 2023, at 19:18. The deck divisions would man the line handling stations with the First Lieutenant and Chief Boatswains Mate on the Forecastle and the Gunnery Officer in charge on the fantail. Designed in the late 1930s and early 1940s . Their crew are active Officers of Hellenic Navy.  The class featured enclosed air-case boilers and 80kW of power available by emergency diesel generators. We had a great twenty minute conversation. The navigator would be responsible for ensuring that the ship remained on its desired track and making appropriate recommendations to the CO/OOD. The CS rating who was responsible for the dry provisions and refrigerated storerooms was referred to as the Jack of the Dust. Built in 1943 in San Pedro, California, she is one of 175 Fletcher-class destroyers built during World War II. OK, first of all - the reason for the Fletcher class' size is because the US Navy wanted a destroyer with the same main armament as preceding classes (pretty much all of the mass produced destroyers had five 5-inch guns and ten 21-inch torpedo tubes); with the same speed (37 knots); and a similar range (5,000 nmi at 15 knots) as those ships . Richard Vessels, my father, John Hanson, was an officer on USS Aulick DD569. Pilots were only used when absolutely necessary in a strange port and most maneuvers were accomplished without tug assistance. Ten 21in (530mm) torpedo tubes were fitted in two quintuple mounts amidships, firing the 21-inch Mark 15 torpedo. Here we see the Fletcher-class destroyer USS Cony (DD/DDE-508) off Norfolk in October 1963 as seen from the USS Keppler (DD-765).Though she earned 11 battle stars for World War II service, two for Korean War service and spent five months off Vietnam, it was a little-acknowledged day in 1962 that Cony witnessed what could have been the start of World War III. The Fletcher-class destroyer was a class of destroyers that were used extensively by the United States Navy during World War II. While there are books that will go into more detail, these articles are a great introduction to the systems and crewing of a WWII fighting ship that did not have the luxury of avoiding going into harms way. There, the earliest ones saw action in the nighttime surface battles in the Solomon Islands, many fought at Leyte and all completed in time for fleet screening and shore bombardment assignments and the notorious anti-kamikaze radar picket duty at Okinawa. Supply officers were all referred to as Pork Chops because of the shape of their insignia. Communications had previously been a stand alone department and electronics repair had belonged to the Chief Engineer. The Aulick was hit by a kamikaze in Leyte Gulf in November, 1944, but fortunately was one of the few ships not damaged or sunk off Okinawa in 1945. During both of my XO tours, I served as navigator. Fletcher-Class Destroyer. or phone 8156753603. Normally half of the sailors in this division would be assigned to each space. However, the Navy had other ideas and I ended up on the east coast in Florida. Note that both the terms is and was are used interchangeably in this discussion because many of these practices still exist today. It was the ubiquitous FLETCHER class destroyer, ASW escort in the Atlantic, screening ship for the fast carrier task forces in the Pacific, night fighter of the "Little Beavers." and . A . From the 1958 Halsey Powell cruise book. But the onset of the Korean War in 1950 . Some went on to serve during the Korean War and into the Vietnam War.. Disbursing Clerk (DK) Assisted the Supply Officer in performing his paymaster functions. Ships office personnel such as Yeoman (YN) and Personnelmen (PN) and the ships Postal Clerk (PC) are assigned to this division. During World War II, the First Lieutenant functioned as a department head and he had also been responsible for damage control. Maneuvers conducted in January 1915 made it clear that the US Atlantic Fleet lacked the fast cruisers necessary to provide information on the enemy's position, deny the enemy information of the fleet's own position, and screen friendly forces. did fletcher class destroyers serve in the atlantic? I served under a Destroyer Squadron Commander in 1963-64 who had been the Commanding Officer of USS Hazlewood (DD 531), a Fletcher Class Destroyer, in 1945 as a Lieutenant Commander when he was only 5 years out of the Naval Academy. Tom Hank's Greyhound movie set on USS Kidd - Mechtraveller The Allen M. Sumner class was intended by the Navy to be an interim design between the . This is how I met my wife. Under these conditions, a commissioned CIC Watch Officer (CICWO) was assigned. They were also the first US destroyers fitted with radar as built. The CIC included radar repeaters, voice radios, electronic warfare equipment, plotting boards, logging facilities, etc. The U.S. 1 LCdr. As of 3/10/2016, to the best of our knowledge, at ages 92 and 96 only two of us are still alive. Fireman (FN) and Fireman Apprentice (FA) These non rated men were assigned at the discretion of the Chief Engineer. My father, Charles Ross Duncan, Sr. served on the USS Kimberly from 1943 thru 1945 in the Pacific. Fairwinds and calm seas Uncle Andrew. Machinists Mate (MM) This rating was responsible for the operation and maintenance of all of the equipment in the two main engine rooms.  They could cover the vast distances required by fleet actions in the Pacific and served almost exclusively in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II, during which they accounted for 29 Imperial Japanese Navy submarines sunk. On Halsey Powell, our Ops Officer was also assigned as navigator, although that was not universal practice aboard destroyers. Nineteen Fletchers were lost during World War II; six more were damaged, evaluated as constructive total losses, and not repaired. I served on 2 Fletchers as BT during Vietnam. The growth in the design was in part a response to the challenge that had dogged U.S. Navy designs in coping with long range operations in the Pacific Ocean. The Fletcher-class was a class of destroyers built by the United States during World War II. I was aboard the Morrison when we started at radar picket station 11 and moved into station 1, nicknamed coffin corner where we were sunk. 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